Our monthly quiz
with µ

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Behind the scenes

Who are the people behind the scenes at Fraunhofer IZM? We will take you on a tour of our institute and show you what applied research has to offer.

Good to know

Science need not always be complicated or even incomprehensible! Here we want to show you that it can be done in a completely different way: easy-peasy to understand and accessible for everyone.

We talk directly to the researchers, find out how and why microelectronics works and together with you we will find answers to the big and small questions at our research institute. Backstage at Fraunhofer IZM, so to speak.

On this page you will find insights into current projects, tips from practicing researchers and everyday things from our institute - all with a little technical tic. In addition, the small µ has come to join us - as a symbol for exactly the topics that concern us at Fraunhofer IZM, it explains a term from microelectronics every month.

Do you have any questions about Fraunhofer IZM or would you like to know what is behind other technical terms? Then send us your questions by e-mail and we’ll try and find the answers for you!


Our monthly quiz with µ

Microelectronics are all around us - from the TV remote to all those other little helpers making our lives easier.

For them to do their job, they need many tiny electronic components carefully fitted together on a circuit board.

You can learn how these precise connections are created and which types of #bonding processes there are in today's #µknowsbest quiz with Juliane Fröhlich.



µ knows best:
Complex terms – in simple words


µ is not simply the twelfth letter of the Greek alphabet. µ is a symbol for micro and is therefore an elementary quantity for us at the Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration IZM. With our new format "µ knows best" we also focus on the elementary facts.

Every month µ presents you with a term from the everyday work of Fraunhofer IZM and tells you what exactly it is about. How much knowledge do you have about research terms? Are there any abbreviations you always wanted to understand in research or more precisely microelectronics? What, how and why? Here you can find out everything about the topics we are working on at Fraunhofer IZM. Always available, for you to look up. Are you missing a term or do you still have questions? Let us know and µ will get on the case!


What is sputtering?

In sputtering, solid materials are bombarded with highly charged ions, causing atoms to be ejected and enter the gas state. In microelectronics, conductive, semiconductive, and insulating layers are usually formed on the wafer level. Sputtering is used to clean or deposit a coating on surfaces or as an analytical means to understand a surface's composition.

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